In my engagements on social media, I share information and get asked to share information from time to time.
I have been writing these articles on Medium for the last few months, and given I support the American Descendants of Slavery (ADOS) movement and our righteous justice claim. Contrary to what our detractors claim, research and study is critical. I take this work seriously.
Per a request, I am sharing the material I have read, reviewed, or currently reading and reviewing. I thank all of the supporters who have made suggestions as well as have sent resources, and I also thank the reparations authors who do not appreciate our work so much for their contributions to the body of knowledge. This is a list that will be expanded over time.
A new addition to the addendum is Mary Frances Berry’s 2005 book, “My Face Is Black Is True: Callie House and the Struggle for Ex-Slave Reparations.”
Check your local public library to see if they provide access to academic journal databases such as JSTOR, EBSCO and ProQuest.
My current bibliography:
“Back Matter.” The Journal of African American History, vol. 100, no. 1, 2015, pp. 180–198. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.5323/jafriamerhist.100.1.bm.
“Front Matter.” The Journal of African American History, vol. 97, no. 1–2, 2012. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.5323/jafriamerhist.97.1-2.fm.
“In Search of Callie House and the Origins of the Modern Reparations Movement.” The Journal of African American History, vol. 91, no. 3, 2006, pp. 323–327. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/20064097.
“The Seminal Work on Black Reparations Was Published by a White Man 30 Years Ago.” The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, no. 30, 2000, pp. 18–20. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/2679058.
“Universities Face Claims for Reparations: Blacks Are Neglecting the Bread-and-Butter Lawsuits That They Might Win.” The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, no. 37, 2002, pp. 56–56. JSTOR,www.jstor.org/stable/3134284.
“Who’s Still Talking about Reparations?” The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, no. 63, 2009, pp. 42–42. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/40407592.
Aiyetoro, Adjoa A. “Formulating Reparations Litigation Through The Eyes of the Movement.” NYU Annual Survey of American Law, vol. 58, 2003, pp. 457–474.
Alkalimat, Abdul. “Rethinking Reparations: Rebuilding for Reform and Revolution.” The Black Scholar, vol. 34, no. 3, 2004, pp. 34–41. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/41069840.
Allen, Ernest, and Robert Chrisman. “TEN REASONS: A RESPONSE TO DAVID HOROWITZ.” The Black Scholar, vol. 31, no. 2, 2001, pp. 49–55. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/41068939.
Araujo, Ana Lucia. Reparations for Slavery and the Slave Trade a Transnational and Comparative History. Bloomsbury Academic, 2017.
Azibo, Daudi Ajani ya. “Psychological Africanity (Racial Identity) and Its Influence on Support for Reparations.” The Journal of Negro Education, vol. 77, no. 2, 2008, pp. 117–130. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/25608675.
Barnhill, John H. “Review.” The Journal of African American History, vol. 97, no. 1–2, 2012, pp. 149–153. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.5323/jafriamerhist.97.1-2.0149.
Benson, Richard D. “Black Student-Worker Revolution and Reparations: The National Association of Black Students, 1969–1972.” Phylon (1960-), vol. 54, no. 1, 2017, pp. 57–78. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/90011264.
Bittker, Boris I. The Case for Black Reparations. Beacon Press, 2003.
Christian, Mark. “An African-Centered Perspective on White Supremacy.” Journal of Black Studies, vol. 33, no. 2, 2002, pp. 179–198. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/3180933.
Coates, Ta-Nehisi. “The Case For Reparations”. The Atlantic, 2014, http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2014/06/the-case-for-reparations/361631/. Accessed 22 July 2019.
Cooper, Allan D. “From Slavery to Genocide: The Fallacy of Debt in Reparations Discourse.” Journal of Black Studies, vol. 43, no. 2, 2012, pp. 107–126. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/23215202.
Copeland, Roy W. “In the Beginning: Origins of African American Real Property Ownership in the United States.” Journal of Black Studies, vol. 44, no. 6, 2013, pp. 646–664. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/24572860.
Pero Gaglo Dagbovie. “REPARATIONS DEMANDS FOR THE NEW MILLENNIUM.” The Journal of African American History, vol. 97, no. 1–2, 2012, pp. 131–140. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.5323/jafriamerhist.97.1-2.0131.
Daniels, Ron. “A Domestic Marshall Plan to Transform America’s ‘Dark Ghettos’: Toward a Martin Luther King — Malcom [sp] X Community Revitalization Initiative.” The Black Scholar, vol. 37, no. 3, 2007, pp. 10–13. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/41069886.
Darity, William, and Dania Frank. “The Economics of Reparations.” The American Economic Review, vol. 93, no. 2, 2003, pp. 326–329. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/3132248.
Darity, William. “Forty Acres and a Mule in the 21st Century.” Social Science Quarterly, vol. 89, no. 3, 2008, pp. 656–664. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/42956508.
Davidson, James M. “ENCOUNTERING THE EX-SLAVE REPARATIONS MOVEMENT FROM THE GRAVE: THE NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL COUNCIL AND NATIONAL LIBERTY PARTY, 1901–1907.” The Journal of African American History, vol. 97, no. 1–2, 2012, pp. 13–38. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.5323/jafriamerhist.97.1-2.0013.
Davis, Angelique M. “Apologies, Reparations, and the Continuing Legacy of the European Slave Trade in the United States.” Journal of Black Studies, vol. 45, no. 4, 2014, pp. 271–286., www.jstor.org/stable/24572848.
Dye, Keith A. “LESSONS IN HEARING HUMAN AND DIVINE DISCONTENT: THE BLACK MANIFESTO AND EPISCOPAL LEADERS AND CONGREGATIONS IN THE DETROIT AREA.” The Journal of African American History, vol. 97, no. 1–2, 2012, pp. 72–91. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.5323/jafriamerhist.97.1-2.0072.
Flemming-Hunter, Sheila. “Conversations About Reparations for Blacks in America: A 21st Century Model in Civic Responsibility And Engagement.” Phylon (1960-), vol. 53, no. 2, 2016, pp. 100–125. JSTOR,www.jstor.org/stable/phylon19126.96.36.199.
Franklin, V. P. “COMMENTARY: REPARATIONS SUPERFUND: NEEDED NOW MORE THAN EVER.” The Journal of African American History, vol. 97, no. 4, 2012, pp. 371–375. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.5323/jafriamerhist.97.4.0371.
Franklin, V. P. “INTRODUCTION — AFRICAN AMERICANS AND MOVEMENTS FOR REPARATIONS: FROM EX-SLAVE PENSIONS TO THE REPARATIONS SUPERFUND.” The Journal of African American History, vol. 97, no. 1–2, 2012, pp. 1–12. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.5323/jafriamerhist.97.1-2.0001.
Franklin, V. P. “COMMENTARY — REPARATIONS AS A DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY: THE CARICOM REPARATIONS COMMISSION.” The Journal of African American History, vol. 98, no. 3, 2013, pp. 363–366. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.5323/jafriamerhist.98.3.0363.
Franklin, V. P. “THE POWER TO DEFINE: AFRICAN AMERICAN SCHOLARS, ACTIVISM, AND SOCIAL CHANGE, 1916–2015.” The Journal of African American History, vol. 100, no. 1, 2015, pp. 1–25. JSTOR,www.jstor.org/stable/10.5323/jafriamerhist.100.1.0001.
Henry, Charles P. “The Politics of Racial Reparations.”Journal of Black Studies, vol. 34, no. 2, 2003, pp. 131–152. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/3180901.
Jeffries, Judson L. The Journal of African American History, vol. 88, no. 1, 2003, pp. 89–91. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/3559056. (book review of Randall Robinson’s “The Debt.” 2000)
Lechtreck, Elaine Allen. “‘WE ARE DEMANDING $500 MILLION FOR REPARATIONS’: THE BLACK MANIFESTO, MAINLINE RELIGIOUS DENOMINATIONS, AND BLACK ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.” The Journal of African American History, vol. 97, no. 1–2, 2012, pp. 39–71. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.5323/jafriamerhist.97.1-2.0039.
Lucas-Darby, Emma T. “COMMUNITY BENEFITS AGREEMENTS: A CASE STUDY IN ADDRESSING ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC INJUSTICES.” The Journal of African American History, vol. 97, no. 1–2, 2012, pp. 92–109. JSTOR,www.jstor.org/stable/10.5323/jafriamerhist.97.1-2.0092.
Lumumba, Chokwe, et al. Reparations Yes!: the Legal and Political Reasons Why New Afrikans, Black People in the United States, Should Be Paid Now for the Enslavement of Our Ancestors and for War against Us after Slavery: Articles. House of Songhay, Commission and the Malcolm Generation, Inc., 1995.
Malveaux, Julianne. “Why Is Economic Content Missing from African American Studies?” Journal of Black Studies, vol. 38, no. 5, 2008, pp. 783–794. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/40034436.
Michelson, Melissa R. “The Black Reparations Movement: Public Opinion and Congressional Policy Making.” Journal of Black Studies, vol. 32, no. 5, 2002, pp. 574–587. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/3180953.
Morgan, Lynda. “REPARATIONS AND HISTORY: THE EMANCIPATION GENERATION’S ETHICAL LEGACY FOR THE 21ST CENTURY.” The Journal of African American History, vol. 99, no. 4, 2014, pp. 403–426. JSTOR,www.jstor.org/stable/10.5323/jafriamerhist.99.4.0403.
Monteiro, Anthony. “Race, Class and Civilization: On Clarence J. Munford’s Race and Reparations.” The Black Scholar, vol. 29, no. 1, 1999, pp. 46–59. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/41068825.
Osabu-Kle, Daniel Tetteh. “The African Reparation Cry: Rationale, Estimate, Prospects, and Strategies.” Journal of Black Studies, vol. 30, no. 3, 2000, pp. 331–350. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/2645941. (article holds value to provide a framework for N’COBRA’s reparations argument)
Robinson, Randall. The Debt: What America Owes to Blacks. Plume, 2001.
Walters, Ronald W. “THE IMPACT OF SLAVERY ON 20TH-AND 21ST-CENTURY BLACK PROGRESS.” The Journal of African American History, vol. 97, no. 1–2, 2012, pp. 110–130. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.5323/jafriamerhist.97.1-2.0110.
Weems, Robert E., and Lewis A. Randolph. “The National Response to Richard M. Nixon’s Black Capitalism Initiative: The Success of Domestic Detente.” Journal of Black Studies, vol. 32, no. 1, 2001, pp. 66–83. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/2668015. (Great to understand the deflections and the political semi-measures offered for reparations.)
Winbush, Raymond A. Should America Pay?: Slavery and the Raging Debate on Reparations. HarperCollins, 2003.
Listen to GHOGH with Jamarlin Martin | Episode 72: Jamarlin Martin Part 2. J Edgar Hoover, the first director of the FBI, may not be around but his energy is present in new Black politics.
Winbush, Raymond A. Belinda’s Petition: a Concise History of Reparations for the Transatlantic Slave Trade. Xlibris Corporation, 2009.
Woods II, Louis Lee. “ALMOST ‘NO NEGRO VETERAN … COULD GET A LOAN’: AFRICAN AMERICANS, THE GI BILL, AND THE NAACP CAMPAIGN AGAINST RESIDENTIAL SEGREGATION, 1917–1960.” The Journal of African American History, vol. 98, no. 3, 2013, pp. 392–417. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.5323/jafriamerhist.98.3.0392.
Aiyetoro, Adjoa and Davis, Adrienne D. “Historic and Modern Social Movements for Reparations: The National Coalition for Reparations in America (N’COBRA) and its Antecedents (2010).” Women, Gender & Sexuality Studies Research. 10.
Berry, Mary Frances. “My Face Is Black Is True.” Random House, 2005.
Brophy, Alfred L. “Reparations Pro & Con. Oxford University Press,” 2006.
Darity, William A., and A. Kirsten Mullen. “From Here to Equality: Reparations for Black Americans in the Twenty-First Century.” University of North Carolina Press, 2020.
Henry, Charles P. “Long Overdue: The Politics of Racial Reparations.” New York University, 2007.
Mills, Charles W. “The Racial Contract,” 1997. Print. (Mills’ argument that racism is the core of “the Social Contract” as opposed to an unintended consequence provides value through a historical context that aids in the understanding of intent and harm—my analysis)
Ogletree, CJ. “Repairing the Past: New Efforts in the Reparations Debate in America (2003).” Harvard civil rights-civil liberties law review. 38. 279–320.
This is a combination of two articles published on Medium. They are reposted here with permission from the author, Michael R. Hicks, Chief Editor, TheLENS, Citizen Political Scientist. Co-facilitator of #ADOSLouisville. #ADOS Ambassador. Caregiver. Your Brother. Read the originals published 7-22-19 and 6-1-20.
Author’s note: I thank all contributors who have provided support along the way. I continue to be committed in the engagement of this critical work for a righteous justice claim. I can be found here at Twitter. Any and all contributions to help me research and write future pieces are humbly appreciated. You can donate here: Pay Michael R. Hicks using PayPal.Me.