The elected representatives in Tunisia took two years, three months and three days to complete the drafting of the new constitution. From Oct. 23, 2011, when the National Constituent Assembly (NCA) was elected, until Jan. 26, 2014, the constitution was being written word by word, article by article.
This occurred under the watchful eyes of observers and civil society, under the spotlight of the media and commentators and sometimes under pressure from the street and the echoes of public opinion.
The constitution was finally adopted in its entirety on Jan. 26, 2014, marking a historic event in the process of democratic transition. But, the drafting of this constitution has not always been easy and the NCA plenary sessions have not always been smooth. There were clashes, tears, fits of laughter, sleepiness, restlessness, compliments and insults. In short, the NCA has seen it all. On Jan. 14, 2012, the process of drafting the articles of the constitution was kicked off. During committee meetings and plenary sessions, articles succeeded one another, giving birth on Dec. 14, 2012, to the first draft of the new constitution.
Then, on Jan. 3, 2013, the discussion of each article of the constitution started. On April 22, 2013, a second draft of the constitution was introduced. A third one followed shortly after, on June 1, 2013. The works of the NCA have certainly experienced many key developments. But, the most painful remains the assassination of Mohammed Brahmi, general coordinator of the Popular Movement and member of the National Constituent Assembly, on the 56th anniversary of the republic’s declaration, on July 25, 2013.
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