Under the Trump administration, African and other Black immigrants have been deported at higher rates than other immigrants, and no one is paying much attention. In 2015, the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) deported 1,293 African immigrants, according to data from the Department of Homeland Security. Since the 2016 election, raids by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) on Black immigrant communities has revved up.
“For example, in January, 86 men and women were deported to Mogadishu, the capital of Somalia, after being detained and imprisoned…In November, 108 immigrants were deported to Ghana and 20 people also were deported to Liberia, while 53 others were processed for deportation,” Atlanta Black Star reported. In February of this year, ICE deported 130 people to Senegal. This is six times the number recorded by the agency in 2016.
It only took one year in office for Trump to increase the deportation of Africans, while ICE reported a drop in the total number of overall “removals.”
Even though overall removals dropped from 240,255 in 2016 to 226,119 in 2017, the number rose for Africans—in many cases, more than doubling from the previous year, Quartz reported.
For the top 10 African countries on ICE’s list, removals increased by 140 percent from 756 in 2016 to 1815 people removed in 2017.
When Barack Obama was president, he did his share of deportations of African immigrants, but they have spiked under Trump.
There are 2.5 million African immigrants in the U.S., according to the Pew Research Center. When including the Caribbean, Latin America, and other regions, there are as many as 5 million Black immigrants in America. People from Africa experienced the fastest growth rate of the immigrant groups coming to the U.S., 41 percent between 2000 and 2013, The Atlanta Black Star reported.
Black immigrants are much more likely than nationals from other regions of the world to be deported due to criminal convictions, according to the “State of Black Immigrants 2016” report, co-authored by New York University School of Law Immigrant Rights Clinic and the Black Alliance for Just Immigration. The stats show that more than one out of five noncitizens facing deportation on criminal grounds is Black.
“If this was about immigration, then the undocumented Irish and European folks would be a part of the roundups,” said Tia Oso, national organizer for Black Alliance for Just Immigration. Her organization works on advocacy, education and direct action on issues impacting Black immigrants and African-Americans.
“The people being deported are from Mexico, Central America, the Dominican Republic, and Haiti. So, this is about keeping America white, not making America great,” Oso said.
The Black Alliance for Just Immigration report stressed that Black people are far more likely than any other population to be arrested, convicted and imprisoned in the U.S. criminal enforcement system — the system upon which immigration enforcement increasingly relies.
“African-American folks would say this has nothing to do with us, we are not immigrants,” Oso said. “(But) Increased surveillance can be weaponized and used against Black people.”
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Immigrants from Somali have been hit the hardest. Their removal more than doubled in one year. Somalia was one of the six countries that came under Trump’s Muslim ban in January 2017—an executive order that temporarily banned U.S. entry to anyone from six Muslim-majority countries.
“Given many Somalis are often escaping conflict as it continues to be at the center of militant attacks—it reduces the likelihood of many voluntary returns,” The Atlanta Star reported.
Immigrants from Senegal and Guinea have also seen an increase in removals.