Apple And Microsoft Sued Over Congo Cobalt Mine Child Labor Deaths
Five major U.S. tech companies have been accused in a lawsuit of being complicit in the deaths of children mining cobalt in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Tesla, Apple, Google’s parent company Alphabet, Dell Technologies and Microsoft are implicated as being aware of “the forced labor system that has brought grave harm to the Congolese minors,” according to the original legal complaint.
The children were allegedly being forced to mine cobalt, a metal used to make mobile devices, computers, and electric cars.
The Democratic Republic of Congo supplies 54 percent of the world’s cobalt, and the need for the metal is growing steadily as demand for electric cars and mobile devices increases.
Child labor in cobalt mines
Six of the 14 children died in tunnel collapses, and the others suffered life-altering injuries, including paralysis, according to the lawsuit.
The lawsuit details that children, some as young as 6 years old, were forced by their families’ extreme poverty to leave school and work in cobalt mines owned by the British and Swiss mining company Glencore.
Some children were paid as little as $2 per day for working six days a week, according to the legal complaint.
“These companies – the richest companies in the world, these fancy gadget-making companies – have allowed children to be maimed and killed to get their cheap cobalt,” said Terrence Collingsworth, an attorney representing the families.
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Demand for cobalt is set to increase as the metal has thermal stability and high energy-density properties ideal for batteries used in smartphones, electric cars, and other electronic devices.
Global demand for cobalt is expected to reach about 120,000 metric tons a year by 2020, a 30 percent increase from 2016. It could reach around 357,000 tons by 2030, according to the London-based cobalt-trading company Darton Commodities.